The Rockbridge Historical Society is a repository for much of the history of Rockbridge County and Lexington. Historical resources, artifacts, and many publications and papers are available for use by historians or anyone who is researching the history or people of this area.

Historical documents are housed in the Special Collections section of the Washington and Lee University Library. This extensive collection is particularly rich in 19th century history, and may be of special help to those interested in genealogical research. Indices to this collection are maintained in Special Collections.